List of compatible games can be found here, PS3DevWiki, as well as more information in general.
Certain games allow you to change their PARAM.SFO files, and then may be played via Remote Play. In order to do this you will need an SFO editor, which can be found in the downloads below. Then open the desired game's PARAM.SFO file and check "Enable Remote Play". Be sure to save the file in the correct location, or it will not work properly.
- Download Remote Play with Playstation 3 and the Loader
- Copy rmp_launcher.exe & rmp_dll.dll to your "Remote Play with PlayStation 3"-Installation
- Run rmp_launcher.exe and continue Steps
PS3SFOEDIT for Windows: PS3SFOEdit.zip
PS3SFOEDIT for Linux: PS3_SFO_Editor_LE.rar
Source: PS3 Development Wiki